Admin.WebHome » UNLV Cottrell-Kosmach Aff

UNLV Cottrell-Kosmach Aff

Last modified by Administrator on 2012/10/17 19:19
  • Egypt 1AC

    • Tournament: UNLV | Round: All | Opponent: Sample Team | Judge: Sample Judge

    • Plan Text
      The United States federal government should substantially increase civil society direct grants to democratic unregistered non-governmental organizations in the country referenced in United States Code Title 22, Chapter 49, Subchapter I, section 3403 which are not registered with the government of that country.

      Adv 1 is Signaling

      Assistance From Goes to Unregistered NGOs  in Egypt
      Sharp, 6-17-’11 (Jeremy- Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs, “Egypt in transition”, CRS)
      The degree of U.S. direct
      approvedconsensual,   government-to-government projects.

      Recent Changes in US Aid Policy Are Cosmetic – A Majority of Went to US Contractors and Not Civil Society Organizations
      Michael Allen Editor of Democracy Digest August 19 2011Egypt’s military doing ‘exactly what Mubarak did’ to stifle democrats
      The US announced $65 million in assistance
      US should only fund government-approved NGOs.

      And That Funding is Funneled to Government Supported NGOs
      Yasmine al-Qadi August 15 2011 US caves in to Egyptian govt demands over aid disbursement
      Abdel Aziz Hegazi, president of the General
      tap into the aid in an illegal way.

      The Plan is Key to Solidify Commitment to Civil Society – Decoupling Democracy Assistance From Egyptian Politics Reaffirms Our Commitment to a Democratic Transition
      By Quinn O'Keefe Senior Associate, Human Rights Defenders August 16 2011 “U.S. Should Be Proud of Doing the Right Thing to Support Independent Civil Society in Egypt” Human Rights First
      The U.S. government is really
      can register and operate without undue government interference.

      And Egypt Wont Say No Despite Public Opposition
      GamalEssamEl-Dinpolitical analyst and reporter with Al-Ahram Weekly Friday 5 Aug 2011
      US aid to Egypt's civil society: a need, a blessing and a curse,-a-blessing-.aspx
      Aboul-Naga’s senior advisor, Talaat Abdel
      50 billion in civil assistance over 40 years.

      The Plans Unambiguous US signal is key to reestablish civil society and Would Solidify Any Current Gains in US Leadership Within the Region
      Kramer and Puddington 8/4/2011(David J. and Arch, president of Freedom House, director of research at Freedom House, Look to the cold war to chill fresh calls for American isolationism; Several Democrats and Republicans are calling for a fresh  and dangerous  isolationism. But just as Europe needed US leadership after the cold war, so does the Arab world now., Christian Science Monitor, lexis)
      To be sure, Americans' unease with global
      America will certainly count itself among the losers.

      Absent This Shift in US Strategic Thinking Decline is Inevitable
      Richard L. Armitage and Joseph S. Nye, Jr.2007 [quals: Armitage is president of Armitage international and former Deputy Secretary of State During Bush Jr, Nye is a prof of polisci @ Harvard] “HOW AMERICA CAN BECOME A SMARTER POWER” CSIS COMMISSION ON SMART POWER
      Our view, and the collective view of
      a new way of thinking about American power.

      U.S. hegemony is the only way to solve any terminal impact
      Friedman and Mandelbaum October/November 11 (November, Thomas L., foreign-affairs columnist for the New York Times, Michael, Christian A. Herter professor of American foreign policy at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, "America Really Was That Great",
      The stakes are exceptionally high. For Americans
      the steps necessary to remain an exceptional country.  

      Independently the Plans Signal is Key to Contain Regional Terrorism
      Zarate and Gordon, 6-’11 (Juan- a Senior Adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and the former Deputy National Security Advisor for Combating Terrorism, and David- Program Manager and a Research Assistant with the CSIS Transnational Threats Project, “The Battle for Reform with Al-Qaeda”, Washington Quarterly)
      If inadequate reform leads to disillusionment, the
      drawing on the disillusionment of democrats and dissidents.

      Sinai is a Unique Flashpoint For Terror
      AmrYossef is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Taub Center for Israel Studies at New York University 9/28 2011 Foreign Affairs Securing the Sinai
      Instability in Sinai [1] has escalated
      a conflict with Israel that neither side wants.

      Al Qaeda in Egypt is Modeled
      Garvey, 6-11-‘11 (William- Strategic Intelligence Studies Graduate Student- American Military University, “Whither Al-Qaeda?The Future of Extremist Groups in Post-Revolutionary North Africa”)
      The results of this study may be of
      be shed on the path they will tread. 

      Nuclear terror attack’s inevitable now
      Us Russia Joint Threat Assessment, 5-‘  ABOUT THE U.S.-RUSSIA JOINT THREAT ASSESSMENT ON NUCLEAR TERRORISM The U.S.-Russia Joint Threat Assessment on Nuclear Terrorism is a collaborative project of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and the U.S.A. and Canada Studies Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
      The expert community distinguishes pathways terrorists might take
      scale the first   act of nuclear terrorism occurs.

      That Causes Nuclear Terrorism and Guarantees Nuclear Retaliation and an Arms Race
      Rhodes Richard, affiliate of the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University, Former visiting scholar at Harvard and MIT, and author of “The Making of the Atomic Bomb” which won the Pulitzer Prize in Nonfiction, National Book Award, and National Book Critics Circle Award. 12-14-09“Reducing the nuclear threat: The argument for public safety”

      The response was very different among nuclear and
      attacks in the name of sending a message.

      The US shift Mid East foreign engagement or risk total irrelevance- Egypt is the key
      Fettner, 8-26-‘11(Peter- prof and PhD candidate in philosophy at Temple, published writer and researcher on US foreign policy, (writing under the pseudonym Byron), “Investigative Analysis: Soft Power in the Middle East – Reforming American Foreign Policy”,Press Storm)
      It’s easy to read the revolutions across the
      the power of citizen diplomacy and international friendship. 

      Advantage 2 is Elections

      The Muslim Brotherhood Will Win a Majority in the Parliamentary Elections Now
      Amin SaikalProfessor of Political Science and Director of the Centre for Arab and Islamic Studies at Australian National University August 11, 2011 Egypt must tough it out on the often rocky road to revolution
      IN EGYPT, the balance of political popularity
      well be Muslim Brotherhood dominance in Egyptian politics.

      Strengthening Civil Society is Key to Changing the Outcome of the Elections – 3 Reasons

      First is Resources
      Reese Neader is the Roosevelt InstituteCampus Network’s Policy Director.2011 August 16 Egypt’s Future Lies in Empowering the Working Class
      TheMuslim Brotherhood has been providing social services in
      to resources that can properly address those issues.

      Second is Electoral Transparency
      David Schenker Director of the Program on Arab Politics at The Washington Institute 2011 July 25 Egypt’s Enduring ChallengesPolicy Recommendations
      Given the present situation, the trajectory of
      a credible process of reform is under way.

      Third is Lack of Alternatives
      By Marwan Muasher, Special to CNN 9/14 September 14, 2011 What's next for the Arab Spring?
      Indeed, the uprisings are entering a difficult
      that they have to engage in constituent politics.

      And Absent Opportunity to Win Activists Will Boycott the Election – That Tanks Election Legitimacy
      By Marc LynchAssociate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs" at The George Washington University, 9/6, 2011Will Egypt's Activists Boycott the Election?
      Egyptian activist groups have called for another "
      and, hopefully, to be proven wrong. 

      And Organizations Want the Aid
      Barbara Slavin, Senior Fellow – Atlantic Council, Senior Diplomatic Correspondent 2011 USA Today, and Assistant Managing Editor for World and National Security – Washington Times, “U.S. "Democracy" Advisors Suddenly in Demand”, Inter-Press Service, 4-14,
      For years, U.S. officials
      reprogrammed U.S. aid for Egypt. 

      Muslim Brotherhood Takeover Tanks US Power Projection and Guarantees Israeli Lash Out – Only A Democratic Victory in the Elections Can Solve
      By George FriedmanChief Executive Officer and founder of STRATFOR 2011 January 30 The Egypt Crisis in a Global Context: A Special Report STRATFOR
      For the United States, an Islamist Egypt
      power, the geopolitical arrangements would remain unchanged.

      Peace With Egypt is the Litmus Test for Israeli’s Regional Security Posture – Collapse of Camp David Would Institutionalize Unstable Radicalism in the Israeli Military and Government
      SalehAl-Naami a Gaza-based journalist, an expert on Israeli affairs and correspondent for the London-based pan-Arab newspaper, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat. 9/21 Israeli alarm over elections in Egypt
      Amos Yadlin, former chief of Israeli military
      lose all its achievements over the past decades.

      And The Brotherhood Will Nuclearize to Counter Israel – That Will Spark a Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East
      Henry SokolskiExecutive Director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center2011February 8, Gimme Fuel Gimme Fire The New Republic
      When the Iranian Revolution overthrew the Shah in
      for securing U.S. nuclear cooperation.

      Middle East Prolif Causes War and Nuclear Terrorism
      Stanley Kurtz, senior fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center, “Our Fallout-Shelter Future”, August 26th 2006,,
      Right now, the Indians and Pakistanis … them from escalating into nuclear confrontations.
      MORE TERROR We’re familiar with the horror scenario
      , and how shall we shape our alliances?

      Nuclear Cooperation Makes Escalation Quick
      Jonathan Pearl is a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and a Jennings Randolph Peace Scholar at the United States Institute of Peace.2011 February 4 Safeguarding Nuclear Security in the Shadow of Middle East Revolutions
      As revolutionary fervor sweeps across the Middle East
      Arab leaders scurrying for political and military countermeasures.

      Independently MB Takeover Causes Israeli Nuclear Strikes Suez Closure and Destabilizes the Entire Region
      Taylor Rose International Relations and Strategic Intelligence – Liberty University, 2011 “The Islamic Revolution Part II”, Youth for Western Civilization, 2-1,
      The riots in Tunisia, Egypt, Algeria
      allowing the further global advancement of her enemies.

      And It would Spill Over to Israel Palestine –Makes Regional Radicalism Inevitable
      BY FRIDA GHITIS 2011 August 25 Someone wants a war in the Middle East
      Something extremely important and exceedingly dangerous is unfolding
      especially as the country gears up for elections.

      Risk is at an All Time High
      YoavZitunSeptember 5 2011 “IDF general: Likelihood of regional war growing”,7340,L-4118220,00.html
      Recent revolutions in the Arab world and the
      remarks were approved for publication by censorship officials.

      That Escalates to Global Nuclear War
      Herbert I. London, President of the Hudson Institute, a New York University based political think tank, and professor of Humanities at New York University, Hudson New York, 6/28/10,
      The coming storm in the Middle East is
      the Iranian leadership looks to with imperial exhilaration.

      Israel’s Perceived Isolation Makes This The Most Likely Scenario For Conflict
      Rick MoranPajamasMediaChicago editor, Blog Editor at The American Thinker, and a frequent contributor to FrontPage.com9/13 2011 Islamists Seeking to Isolate Israel
      From souring relations with its once strong ally
      world – on edge for the foreseeable future.

      Suez closure causes US intervention and escalatory nuclear war
      Nazemroaya 11(Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya, Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), February, 13, 2011, “THE DIVISION OF EGYPT: THREATS OF US, ISRAELI, AND NATO MILITARY INTERVENTION?”
      Recall the 1956 Invasion of Egypt? There
      global empire through militarism overseas and domestic militarization.

      Even brief closure of the Suez Canal collapses the world economy
      Brockmeyer 11(Peter Brockmeyer, studied in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and the Economics Department at the London School of Economics, February 1, 2011, PolicyMic, “The Suez Canal: What Happens If Egypt Shuts It Down?,”
      In the midst of the unrest, the
      the longer route will impair supplies, too.



FilenameDateUploaded By
Created by on 2011/09/06 22:16


Air Force Amherst Appalachian State Arizona State Army Augustana Bard Baylor Binghamton Bishops Castle Boston College CSU Northridge CSU Sacramento CUNY Cal Berkeley Cal Lutheran Cal Poly SLO Capital Case Western Central Florida Central Oklahoma Chico Clarion Columbia Concordia Cornell Dartmouth Denver Drexel-Swarthmore ENMU East Los Angeles College Eastern Washington Emory Emporia Fayetteville State Florida Florida Int'l Florida State Fordham Fort Hays Fresno State Fullerton Gainesville State George Mason George Washington Georgetown Georgia Georgia State Gonzaga Harvard Houston Idaho State Illinois Illinois State Indiana Iowa James Madison John Carroll Johns Hopkins Johnson County CC KCKCC Kansas Kansas State Kentucky Lafayette Liberty Los Rios Louisiana-Lafayette Louisville Loyola Macalester Marist Mary Washington Mercer Methodist Miami FL Miami OH Michigan Michigan State Minnesota Mission Missouri State NYU Navy New School North Texas Northern Iowa Northwestern Notre Dame Ohio Wesleyan Oklahoma Oregon Pepperdine Piedmont Pittsburgh Portland State Princeton Puget Sound Redlands Richmond Rochester Rutgers Samford San Diego State San Francisco State Santa Clara South Florida St Pete Southern Methodist Southwestern Stanford Texas State Texas-Austin Texas-Dallas Texas-San Antonio Texas-Tyler Towson Trinity UCLA UDC-CC UMKC UNLV USC Utah Vanderbilt Vermont Virginia Tech Wake Forest Wayne State Weber West Georgia West Virginia Western Connecticut Whitman Wichita State Wisconsin Oshkosh Wyoming

This wiki is licensed under a Creative Commons 2.0 license
XWiki Enterprise 4.2 - Documentation